A Brief History of Collage
Over the years collage has become a very popular art form. Collage allows artists to combine media to create a singular message. The use of collage is said to have begun with the invention of paper in China around 200 B.C. After that twelfth-century Japanese calligraphers began to prepare surfaces for their poems by gluing paper and fabric together in order to create a background for brushstrokes. Fast-forwarding to the nineteenth century collage developed into a popular art form as people began to paste family photos into arrangements on the walls, and scrapbooks. Art historians have pointed to Pablo Picasso as the first artist to utilize collage for a piece of fine art when he glued a piece of patterned oilcloth to a cubist still life in 1912. Eventually, artists of other art movements began to incorporate collage into their work. Henri Mattisse referred to collage as, "drawing with scissors". Cubists typically used paper and paint to support a philosophical belief. Futurists incorporated typography and added found objects to connect art with the real world. Dadaists combined unique materials together for shock value while surrealists believed that collage was a way to reveal unconscious thoughts through the random selection and placement of materials. If you look at a lot of Chanel's work you'll notice that she's a fan of collage.